Cocaine Addiction treatment
Cocaine is a powerful central nervous system stimulant with a high potential for addiction. It is derived from the coca plant and the majority of the supplies come from South and Central America. Cocaine can be used as a legitimate medicine and is an ideal local anesthetic for eye, ear, and throat surgeries.
However, the majority of the cocaine that is manufactured is used for illicit purposes. Cocaine is a fine white powder that can be rubbed into the mucous tissues of the body inhaled by smoking or snorting and injected into one's veins, or the cocoa leaves can be chewed to release the active substances into the membranes of the mouth and throat. Cocaine passes quickly into the brain and causes a buildup of dopamine by blocking the normal recycling process. These high levels of dopamine stimulate the nerve cells and cause a feeling of euphoria.
Once a cocaine user starts injecting the substance, the idea that cocaine is a "recreational" drug is ludicrous since few individuals have ever been able to stop their usage after multiple injection episodes. Cocaine can be cooked or boiled with sodium bicarbonate to convert it into a freebased form known as crack cocaine, or merely crack. Crack is a hard rocklike chemical that is placed in glass pipes where it is burnt at high temperatures and the fumes or smoke from the crack is inhaled by the user. The immediate "rush" after inhalation of this drug has a marked euphoric effect with a duration of just a few seconds or minutes, leading the user to repeat the inhalation over and over in his attempts to keep a constant euphoric feeling and to avoid the depression that inevitably follows this artificial "high.” Crack is one of the most addictive drugs available today and it is relatively inexpensive per dose, which leads to a devastatingly painful addiction that destroys individuals and families in short order. Some research indicates that psychological dependency develops after the first use. Tolerance develops very quickly and the desire for continued and increased usage is an endless struggle.
The short-term effects of a normal dose of cocaine are energetic feelings, restlessness, talkativeness, euphoria, with an increase in pulse rate, temperature, blood pressure, metal alertness, and a temporary decrease in appetite.
With a large dose one feels bizarre, and, perhaps violent paranoid feelings, muscle tremors, dizziness and feeling that their surrounding is spinning. They may also experience hallucinations and they will begin to neglect everything except their habit. Continued use may cause intense paranoid ideation, a feeling that reality isn't real, extreme irritability, and, of course tolerance and the need from more and more cocaine and/or crack. Weight loss is usually associated with cocaine addiction similar to that seen with amphetamine addiction. After a person stops continue cocaine use they may have extreme depression, anxiety, nightmares and other sleep disorders and certainly will be drawn back to using the drug to help eliminate these untoward and undesired effects.
During these addictive episodes, a person will violate their moral and ethical codes and do uncharacteristic actions to continue their use of the drug. Lying about and hiding from the truth is universal as well as stealing from loved ones and, later in their addiction many will violate societal laws and find themselves in prison with other cocaine addicts that have been on the same roller coaster.
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